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Anthotype database: Emulsions by contrast

Find emulsions by exposure rating. This Anthotype database of emulsions will grow each year on Anthotype Day when artists add to the knowledge-bank. If you can, please support this free resource by becoming a supporting member or making a donation. Much appreciated!

 

 

Contrast of final print: X – Almost none

Onion (Allium cepa L.) + Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) + Others anthotype by Lukasz Biazik

“Anthop-pop” by Lukasz Biazik
Country: Poland
Plants used: 1. Onion (Allium cepa L.); 2. Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.); 3. European blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) + 4. Beetroot (Beta vulgaris L.)
Parts used: 1. All; 2. Petals; 3. Berries; 4. Root
Application: brushing
Exposure time: 1. 2 days; 2. 2 days; 6. 3 days; 4. 3 days
Month, season and year: August, summer, 2022
Substrate: Watercolour paper
Contrast of final print: 1. ** (Medium); 2. * (Low); 3. x (Almost none); 4. ** (Medium)

Sunflower (Helianthus) anthotype by Nancy Breslin

“Turning to the Sun” by Nancy Breslin
Country: USA
Parts used: Petals
Application: Brushing
Exposure time: 7 days, West window (afternoon sun)
Month, season and year: August, summer, 2022
Substrate: watercolour paper (Cotman 140 lb).
Contrast of final print: x (Almost none) (Poor at one week, but has potential with longer exposure)


 

Contrast of final print: * – Low

Kembang Telang (Clitoria ternatea) anthotype by Vidhyasuri Utami

“BTS Misti: The View from North Jakarta” by Vidhyasuri Utami
Country: Indonesia
Common name: Also known as Butterfly pea
Parts used: Petals
Application: Brushing
Exposure time: 5 days
Months, season and year: June, summer,
Substrate: Canson Montval watercolour paper 200 gsm
Contrast of final print: * (Low)

Oak Apple (Andricus quercuscalicis) anthotype by Margje Bijl

“Love is not Enough” by Margje Bijl
Country: The Netherlands
Parts used: Dried balls (5-10 years old)
Application: Foam brush
Exposure time: 8 days
Month, season and year: August, summer, 2022
Substrate: Page from an antique book, Love is Enough by William Morris, 1873
Contrast of final print: * (Low)

Raspberry, common (Rubus idaeus) anthotype by Melanie Schoeniger

“Just being alive” by Melanie Schoeniger
Country: Germany
Parts used: Last fresh fruit at the end of the ripeness period picked directly from the plant
Application: Brushing multiple times
Exposure time: 3 weeks
Months, season and year: July, summer, 2022
Substrate: Hahnemühle watercolour paper
Contrast of final print: * (Low)

Red Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata f. rubra) anthotype by Martine Marie-Anne Chartrand

“Flora & Fauna” by Martine Marie-Anne Chartrand
Country: Canada
Parts used: Red Cabbage core and 2 handfuls of leaves + cooking water from previous meal preparation + 1 teaspoon of alum to alternate color.
Application: Soaking 3 days in the refrigerator
Exposure time: 12 days on and off sunshine
Month, season and year: Summer 2022 end of July and beginning of August.
Substrate: 100% organic sateen cotton 120gsm
Contrast of final print: * (Low)

Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) anthotype by Dalene Marais

“Hope from Africa with love” by Dalene Marais
Country: South Africa
Parts used: Powder
Application: Brushing
Exposure time: 8 hours in SA sun (UV 6 out of 10)
Month, season and year: August, Winter, 2022
Substrate: Rough watercolour paper 300 g
Contrast of final print: * (Low)


 

Contrast of final print: ** – Medium

Algae, spirulina (Spirulina maxima) anthotype by David Lowe

“Future Hopes and Friendships” by David Lowe
Country: UK
Parts used: Liquid blue food colouring
Application: Brushing with a foam brush
Exposure time: 6 hours in hot sunshine
Month, season and year: July, Summer 2022
Substrate: Hahnemuhle watercolour paper 300 gsm hot pressed
Contrast of final print: ** (Medium)

Arjuna tree (Terminalia Arjuna) + Others anthotype by Archana Verma Kakar

“Epiphany” by Archana Verma Kakar
Country: India
Plants used: Turmeric, Onion skins, and my homemade brown ink from the Arjuna tree
Parts used: Flowers
Application: Brushing
Exposure time: 5 hours
Month, season and year: August, summer 2022
Substrate: Bustro 300gsm Watercolour paper (25 percent cotton)
Contrast of final print: ** (Medium)

Beetroot (Beta vulgaris) anthotype by Robyn Nielsen

“I Hope This Works…” by Robyn Nielsen
Country: Australia
Parts used: Juice from tin
Application: Sponge brush
Exposure time: 4.5 hours under 100w UV light (placed 12 cm from the light source)
Month, season and year: August, winter 2022 – but I used a UV light
Substrate: Eraldo Di Paolo Watercolour paper (100% cotton, rough, 300 gsm)
Contrast of final print: ** (Medium) (this is my first one so I can’t really compare it to anything, although the subject came up really clear, so it must be good)

Cherry (Prunus cerasus) + Wine, red anthotype by Natalia L Rudychev

“Cherry Petals in Flight” by Natalia L Rudychev
Country: USA
Common name of plant and latin name of plant: sour cherry organic juice (Prunus Cerasus)/merlot wine
Parts used: Sour cherry fruit juice/merlot wine
Application: Brushing
Exposure time: 3 weeks
Months, season and year: July, summer, 2021
Substrate: Strathmore watercolour paper
Contrast of final print: ** (Medium)

Geranium, “Elegance Burgundy” (Pelargonium x domesticum) anthotype by Jesseca Ferguson

“Purple Moon” by Jesseca Ferguson
Country: USA
Parts used: Petals (fresh, have also used frozen petals)
Application: Brushing
Exposure time: Multiple days (through the window when rainy; on roof deck when sunny); “develop by inspection”
Month, season, and year: July, summer, 2022
Substrate: Watercolour paper (Lanaquarelle, hot pressed, 300 gsm or 140 lbs)
Contrast of final print: ** (Medium)

Onion (Allium cepa L.) + Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) + Others anthotype by Lukasz Biazik

“Anthop-pop” by Lukasz Biazik
Country: Poland
Plants used: 1. Onion (Allium cepa L.); 2. Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.); 3. European blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) + 4. Beetroot (Beta vulgaris L.)
Parts used: 1. All; 2. Petals; 3. Berries; 4. Root
Application: brushing
Exposure time: 1. 2 days; 2. 2 days; 6. 3 days; 4. 3 days
Month, season and year: August, summer, 2022
Substrate: Watercolour paper
Contrast of final print: 1. ** (Medium); 2. * (Low); 3. x (Almost none); 4. ** (Medium)

Petunia, Brooklyn (Petunia violacea) anthotype by Brittonie Fletcher

“I needed to get a little Lisa Frank on this” by Brittonie Fletcher
Country: USA (representing Scotland)
Parts used: Petals
Application: Sponge Brush
Exposure time: 3 days north light average UV 6 in New York, USA
Month, season and year: August, summer, 2022
Substrate: Moleskin paper
Contrast of final print: ** (Medium) (unsure on some – the moleskin paper I tried was a little ehhh)

Raspberry (Rubus idaeus) + Blackberry (Rubus allegheniensis) + Others anthotype by Agnes Greta Erdelyi

“Look at the birds of the air” by Agnes Greta Erdelyi
Country: Hungary
Parts used: fruit / crop
Plants used: Raspberry (Rubus idaeus), Blackberry (Rubus allegheniensis), Redcurrant (Ribes rubrum), Blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum)
Application: Brushing
Exposure time: 4 weeks
Month, season and year: July – August, summer, 2022
Substrate: watercolour paper 300 gsm
Contrast of final print: ** (Medium)

Red Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata f. rubra) + Beetroot (Beta vulgaris) anthotype by Clive Pigott

“One Day of Hope 19590919” by Clive Pigott
Country: New Zealand
Parts used: Cabbage – leaves + Beetroot – root
Application: Brush 1-inch hake
Exposure time: 9 days facing North through 2 layers of glass (the glass-frame support and bedroom window)
Months, season and year: June, end Autumn – beginning Winter 2022
Substrate: REEVES Watercolour paper
Contrast of final print: ** (Medium)

Red Cabbage (Rubrum Brassica) + Beer + Coffee anthotype by Bengisu Çaygür

“Polychrome” by Bengisu Çaygür
Country: Turkey
Parts used: Liquid (Black Guinness Beer) + Granulated powder (Guinness Coffee) + Leaves (Red Cabbage)
Application: Splashing technique with a brush
Exposure time: 2 days
Month, season and year: June, Summer, 2022
Substrate: Watercolour paper (Canson, 200 gsm, small grain)
Contrast of final print: ** (Medium)

Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) anthotype by Émilie Léger

“Dan by the Salem shores” by Émilie Léger
Country : Canada
Parts used: Leaves
Application: Brushing
Exposure time: About 3 hours cloudy (between 8 am and 11 am) – about 30 minutes; sunny (between 11 am and 11:30 am)
Month, season and year: August, Summer, 2022
Substrate: Arches watercolour paper
Contrast of final print: ** (Medium)

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) anthotype by Blueprint

“Caballo” (Horse) by Blueprint
Country: Spain
Parts used: Root powder
Application: Immersion
Exposure time: 96 hours
Month, season and year: August, Summer, 2017
Substrate: Watercolour paper, 280 g
Contrast of final print: ** (Medium)

Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguariensis) anthotype by Nathalia Dov

“Maintain the being” by Nathalia Dov
Country: Brazil
Parts used: Powder from crushed leaves and stems
Application: Brushing
Exposure time: 3 hours and a half
Months, season and year: July, winter, 2022
Substrate: watercolour paper / 300 gsm
Contrast of final print: ** (Medium)


 

Contrast of final print: *** – High

Hardy Hibiscus (Hibiscus moscheutos) anthotype by Michael Cessna

“Thinking of You” by Michael Cessna
Country: US
Common name of plant: Hardy Hibiscus, also called common rose mallow, swamp mallow, swamp hibiscus, dinner plate hibiscus
Parts used: Entire flower
Application: Soaking
Exposure time: 3 days, 1 hour and 25 minutes
Month, season and year: August, Summer, 2022
Substrate: Arches Platine 310 gsm (5×7)
Contrast of final print: *** (High)

Pokeberry (Phytolacca) anthotype by Laurie Beck Peterson

“Julia” by Laurie Beck Peterson
Country: USA
Parts used: Berries
Application: Brushing
Exposure time: 3 weeks (spring), 5 days (summer)
Month, season and year: March to April 2022, again 5 days in August, 2022
Substrate: Arches Platine
Contrast of final print: *** (High)

Red Pepper (Capsicum annuum) anthotype by Cecília Cartaxo

“To live for the hope of it all” by Cecília Cartaxo
Country: Brazil
Parts used: Red part of pepper. I took the white parts, the calyx (green part) and the seeds out of the pepper.
Application: Sponge
Exposure time: 10 hours
Month, season and year: August, winter, 2022
Substrate: Watercolour paper 300 g
Contrast of final print: *** (High) (Very Good)

Strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) + Blackberry (Rubus ulmifolius) + Others anthotype by Andie Dale

“Boys in summer” by Andie Dale
Country: UK
Plants used: Strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa), Blackberry (Rubus ulmifolius), Rosehip (Rosa Canina),  Ground paprika (Capsicum annuum)
Parts used: The berries and the powder
Application: Brushing
Exposure time: 3 days
Month, season and year: August 2022 (15th-18th Aug)
Substrate: Acrylic paper
Contrast of final print: *** (High) (Excellent and really easy to use)


 

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